Skip to content
An Introduction to Decision-Making Process

An Introduction to Decision-Making Process

An Introduction to Decision-Making Process outlines the steps in making a decision. This article discusses the game theory and the Sunk-cost fallacy, as well as Structured decision-making. Listed below are some of the major components of the decision-making process:

Overview of the game theory

Overview of the game theory

In the decision-making process, the use of Game Theory is an intelligent move from a business perspective. The theory is based on the notion that human behavior is governed by a rational set of rules, and that the decisions of rational people are generally predictable. As such, applying Game Theory to decision-making can help data scientists make more informed, data-driven decisions. Game Theory can be used to understand the psychology of human decision-making, and helps data scientists make more effective decisions based on the information they collect.

Steps in the decision-making process

A successful decision-making process is an iterative cycle that is characterized by several important steps. Different techniques and tools support each step. Step one is problem analysis, during which you should determine who is affected by the decision, when the decision needs to be made, and who is going to implement it. The problem that you are facing will likely have dozens of stakeholders and many factors, so it’s vital to start with a clear understanding of the scope of the problem.

Sunk-cost fallacy

The sunk-cost fallacy refers to the mindset that a company cannot recover a cost that has already been spent. It can occur when a company has already spent money on research and development projects and now realizes that the market no longer demands those products. If this happens, the company should abandon the initial investment and build an alternative facility instead. A company should avoid allowing sunk costs to influence their decision-making process.

Structured decision-making

A structured decision-making process is a process that helps groups to evaluate alternative courses of action. These frameworks include steps that help groups define the problem, prioritize important outcomes, and assign weights to these objectives. The process allows groups to brainstorm many different alternatives and weigh their pros and cons before making a final decision. Here are some key tips for brainstorming ideas:


Intuition is a powerful tool for making better decisions. The author of Guide to Intuitive Healing, Dr. Judith Orloff, shares five steps to intuitive decision-making. She advocates for the integration of intuition and Western medicine, arguing that the future of medicine lies in merging the mind and heart. Her book explains how intuitive decision-making can improve our lives and help us understand our bodies better. Moreover, she offers a comprehensive framework for integrating intuition and Western medicine, and legitimizes the use of intuition as a dynamic therapeutic tool.